References and Footnotes


[1] Scottish Power Energy Networks (2012) RIIO-T1 Business Plan Update, January 2012, Executive Summary.
[2] RenewableUK (2015)
[3] Turbine Watch (2015)
[4] Dumfries & Galloway Council (2012) Housing information briefing note No.1, Estimates of household dwellings.
[5] National Grid (2014) Electricity Ten Year Statement, 2014.
[6] Holford Rules with National Grid Company (NGC) 1992 and Scottish Hydro Electric Transmission Ltd (SHELTL) 2003 Notes.
[7] Horlock Rules: NGL Substations and the Environment: Guidelines on Siting and Design, 2006.
[8] Scottish Power Energy Networks (2015) The Dumfries & Galloway Strategic Reinforcement Project: Routeing and Consultation Document, May 2015.
[9] Scottish Power Energy Networks (2015) Major Electrical Infrastructure Projects: Approach to Routeing and Environmental Impact Assessment.
[10] Scottish Hydro Electric and Scottish Power (2007) Proposed Beauly to Denny 400kV Overhead Transmission Line: The use of underground cables as an alternative to overhead line. Report APL/STG-41, Final Report October 2007.
[11] Parsons Brinckerhoff (2012) Electricity Transmission Costing Study.
[12] Sims, S. and Dent, P. (2005) High voltage overhead power lines and property values: a residential study in the UK. Urban Studies. Vol.42(4), pp.665-694.
[13] ONS (2015) Measuring National Well-being: Life in the UK, 2015.
[14] Dumfries & Galloway Council (2008) Regional Economic Strategy, 2008.
[15] Dumfries & Galloway Council (2013) Economic Briefing Report, April 2013.
[16] Eurostat (2010) Key size class indicators, non-financial business economy.
[17] Eurostat (2014) Regional Yearbook, 2014.
[18] Scottish Executive (2005) Scottish Rural Development Programme.
[19] Dumfries & Galloway Council (2011) Regional Tourism Strategy, 2011-2016.
[20] Tourism Scotland, 2020.
[21] ITV News (2015) Tourists bring record profits to Dumfries & Galloway, 8 July 2015.
[22] Scottish Power Energy Networks (2015) Dumfries & Galloway Strategic Reinforcement Project: background to needs case, 2015.
[23] National Grid (2015) Factsheet: Our transmission infrastructure and its effect on local people, communities and the local economy. Reference CRFS11/01/15.
[24] Private communication with Richard Wylie and Diyar Kadar of SPEN on 14 July 2015.
[25] RWE npower renewables (2010) RWE npower renewables awards £15m construction contract to Welsh company for Gwent y Mor Offshore Wind Farm.
[26] Scottish Power UK PLC (2014) Annual Report and Accounts for Year Ending 31 December 2014.
[27] Ofgem (2013) Factsheet 117, Price Controls Explained.
[28] Stour Valley Underground (2012) How much would it add to electricity bills to put transmission lines underground?
[29] DECC (2015) Annual Domestic Energy Bills, 2015, Table 2.2.3 Average Domestic Standard Electricity Bills in 2014 for UK Regions.
[30] HM Treasury (2003) The Green Book, Appraisal and Evaluation in Central Government.
[31] Accent (2012) Consumers’ Willingness to Pay Research, Final Report, July 2012.
[32] Ofgem (2012) RIIO-T1: Final Proposals for National Grid Electricity Transmission and National Grid Gas., 17 December 2012.
[33] ONS (2014) Families and Households, 2014.


I The Scottish Government have set a target of achieving 100% of electrical energy from renewable sources by 2020.
ii This metric excludes random one-off events and represents the annual electrical energy consumed by approximately 50 homes.
iii This is the summer rating at elevated ambient temperature. The winter rating is higher, typically 132MW.
iv Load factor is typically calculated from the equation (energy supplied in a year/rating of the turbine multiplied by the hours in a year). For Southern Scotland the average load factor varies from 21% in the summer months to 37% in the winter months
v Announced by DECC on the 18 June 2015 and repeated in Parliament on the 22 June 2015
vi Residential visual amenity refers to the visual amenity experienced by residential properties including their gardens. For more information see Gillespies (2014) Wind Turbines & Pylons: Guidance on the application of separation distances from


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